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‏اللباس والزينة‏ (The Book Pertaining to Clothes and Beautification )
CHAPTER: ANGELS DO NOT ENTER A HOUSE IN WHICH THERE IS A DOG OR A PICTURE  

No. 5246

A'isha reported that Gabriel (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) made a promise with Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) to come at a definite hour; that hour came but he did not visit him. And there was in his hand (in the hand of Allaah's Prophet) a staff. He threw it from his hand and said: Never has Allaah or His messengers (angels) ever broken their promise. Then he cast a glance (and by chance) found a puppy under his cot and said: 'A'isha, when did this dog enter here? She said: BY Allaah, I don't know He then commanded and it was turned out. Then Gabriel came and Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said to him: You promised me and I waited for you. but you did not come, whereupon he said: It was the dog in your house which prevented me (to come), for we (angels) do not enter a house in which there is a dog or a picture.

No. 5247

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Abu Hazim with the same chain of transmitters that Gabriel had promised Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) that he would come; the rest of the hadith is the same, but it is not so lengthy as the other one.

No. 5248

Maimuna reported that one morning Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) was silent with grief. Maimuna said: Allaah's Messenger, I find a change in your mood today. Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Gabriel had promised me that he would meet me tonight, but he did not meet me. By Allaah, he never broke his promises, and Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) spent the day in this sad (mood). Then it occurred to him that there had been a puppy under their cot. He commanded and it was turned out. He then took some water in his hand and sprinkled it at that place. When it was evening Gabriel met him and he said to him: you promised me that you would meet me the previous night. He said: Yes, but we do not enter a house in which there is a dog or a picture. Then on that very morning he commanded the killing of the dogs until he announced that the dog kept for the orchards should also be killed, but he spared the dog meant for the protection of extensive fields (or big gardens).

No. 5249

Abu Talha reported Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) having said: Angels do not enter a house in which there is a dog or a picture.

No. 5250

Abu Talha reported: I heard Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: Angels do not enter the house in which there is a dog or a statue.

No. 5251

This hadith has been reported on the authority of Zuhri with the same chain of transmitters.

No. 5252

Abu Tilha, the Companion of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) having said: Verily, angels do not enter the house in which there is a picture. Busr reported: Zaid fell ill and we went to inquire after his health and (found) that there was hanging at his door a curtain with a picture on it. I said to 'Ubaidullah Khaulani who had been under the patronage of Maimuna, the wife of Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam): Did not Zaid himself inform us before about (the Prophet's command pertaining to the pictures), whereupon 'Ubaidullah said: Did you not hear when he said:" Except the prints on the cloth"?

No. 5253

Abu Talha reported that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Angels do not enter a house in which there is a picture. Busr said: Zaid b. Khalid fell sick and we visited him to inquire after his health. As we were in his house (we saw) a curtain having pictures on it. I said to 'Ubaidullah Khaulani: Did he not narrate to us (the Prophet's command pertaining to pictures)? Thereupon he said: He in fact did that (but he also said): Except the prints upon the cloth. Did you not hear this? I said: No, whereupon He said: He had in fact made a mention of this.

No. 5254

Abu Talha Ansari reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: Angels do not enter the house in which there is a picture or portraits. I came to 'A'isha and said to her: This is a news that I have received that Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) had said: Angels do not enter the house in which there is a picture or a dog, (and further added) whether she had heard Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) making a mention of it. She said: No (I did not hear this myself), but I narrate to you what I saw him doing. I bear testimony to the fact that he (the Prophet) set out for an expedition. I took a carpet and screened the door with it. When he (the Prophet) came back he saw that carpet and I perceived signs of disapproval on his face. He pulled it until it was torn or it was cut (into pieces) and he said: God has not commanded us to clothe stones and clay. We cut it (the curtain) and prepared two pillowa out of it by stuffing them with the fibre of date-palms and he (the Prophet) did not find fault with it.

No. 5255

A'isha reported: We had a curtain with us which had portraits of birds upon it. Whenever a visitor came, he found them in front of him. Thereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said to me: Change them, for whenever I enter the room) I see them and it brings to my mind (the pleasures) of worldly life. She said: We had with us a sheet which had silk badges upon it and we used to wear it. This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Ibn Muthanna but with this addition: 'Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) did not command us to tear that."

No. 5256

A'isha reported: Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) came back from the journey and I had screened my door with a curtain having portraits of winged horses upon it. He commanded me and I pulled it away.

No. 5257

This hadith has been narrpted on the authority of Waki' with the same chain of transmitters but with a slight variation of wording.

No. 5258

A'isha reported that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) entered (my apartment) and I had hung (on the door of my apartment) a thin curtain having pictures on it. The colour of his face underwent a change. He then took hold of that curtain and tore it and then said: The most grievous torfnent for the people on the Day of Resurrection would be for those who try to imitate Allaah in the act of creation.

No. 5259

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of A'isha through another chain of transmitters but with a slight variation of wording (and the variation is that the narrator is reported to have said): He (the Prophet) inclined towards that curtain and tore it with his hand.

No. 5260

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Zuhri with the same chain of transmitters but with a slight variation of wording.

No. 5261

A'isha reported: Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) visited me. and I had a shelf with a thin cloth curtain hangin. over it and on which there were portraits. No sooner did he see it than he tore it and the colour of his face underwent a change and he said: A'isha, the most grievous torment from the Hand of Allaah on the Day of Resurrection would be for those who imitate (Allaah) in the act of His creation. A'isha said: We tore it into pieces and made a cushion or two cushions out of that.

No. 5262

A'isha reported she had a cloth havinc, pictures upon it and it was hanging upon the shelf and Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Take it (away) from me (from my sight), so I removed it and made cushions from that.

No. 5263

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Shu'ba with the same chain of transmitters.

No. 5264

A'isha reported: Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) visited me when I had screened (my door) with a carpet having pictures on it. He removed it and we made cushions out of that.

No. 5265

A'isha, the wife of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), reported that she had hung a curtain which had pictures upon it. Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) entered (the room) and he pulled it. A'isha said: I then tore it and prepared two cushions out of that. A person who was then in that company and whose name was Rabi'a b. 'Ata, the freed slave of Banu Zuhra, asked: Did you hear Abu Mabammad making a mention of A'isha having stated that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) used to recline upon them? lbn al-Qasim said: No, but I heard Qasim b. Muhammad saying so.

No. 5266

A'isha reported that she bought a carpet which had pictures on it. When Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) saw that, he stayed at the door and did not get in. I perceived or I was made to perceive upon his face signs of disgust. She said: Allaah's Messenger, I offer repentance to Allaah and His Messenger. (but tell me) what is the sin that I have committed. Thereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: What is this carpet? She said: I bought it for you so that you might sit on it and take rest. Thereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: The owners of these pictures would be tormented and they would be asked to bring to life what they tried to create. He then said: Angels do not enter the house in which there is a picture.

No. 5267

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of A'isha through another chain of transmitters also. Some of the other ahadith narrated through other chains of transmitters are more complete and there is an addition in them (transmitted through other chains of transmitters). In the hadith transmitted on the authority of the nephew of Majishun she (A'isha) is reported to have said: I took it and prepared two cushions out of that and he (the Prophet) used to recline against them in the house.

No. 5268

Ibn 'Umar reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) having said: Those who paint pictures would be punished on the Day of Resurrection and it would be said to them: Breathe soul into what you. have created.

No. 5269

Ibn 'Umar reported a hadith like this through another chain of transmitters.

No. 5270

'Abdullah reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: Verity the most grievously tormented people on the Day of Resurrection would be the painters of pictures. Ashajj (one of the narrators) in the hadith narrated by him did not make mention of the word" verity".

No. 5271

This haditli has been reported on the authority of Abu Mu'awiya through another chain of tranmitters (and the words are):" Verity, the most grievously tormented people amongest the denizens of Hall on the Day of Resurrection would be the painters of pictures. The rest of the hadith is the same.

No. 5272

Muslim b. Subaih reported: I was with Masriuq in the house which had the portrayals of Mary (hadrat Maryan). Thereupon Masriuq said: These are portraits of Kisra. I said: No, these are of Mary. Masruq said: I heard Abdullah b, Mas'ud as saying Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) had said: The most grievously tormented people on the Day of Resurrection would be the painters of pictures. (Muslim said): I read this before Nasr b. 'Ali at-Jahdami and he read it before other narrators, the last one being Ibn Sa'id b Abl at Hasan that a person came to Ibn 'Abbas and said: I am the person who paints pictures; give me a religious verdict about them. He (Ibn 'Abbas) said to him: Come near me (still further). He came near him so much so that he placed his hand upon his head and said: I am going to narrate to yor what I heard from Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). I heard him say: All the painters who make pictures would be in the fire of Hell. The soul will be breathed in every picture prepared by him and it shall punish him in the Hell, and he (Ibn 'Abbas) said: If you have to do it at all, then paint the pictures of trees and lifeless things; and Nasr b. 'Ali confirmed it.

No. 5273

Anas b. Malik said: I was sitting with Ibn Ahbas when he gave religious verdicts but he did not say that it was Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) who had said that. However when a man said to him (Ibn 'Abbas): I am the painter of these pictures. Ibn 'Abbas said: I heard Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: He who painted pictures in the world would be compelled to breathe soal in them on the Day of Resurrection, but he would not be able to breathe soul (in them).

No. 5274

Nadr b. Anas reported that a person came to Ibn 'Abbas and he narrated (the above menlioned hadith) from Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam).

No. 5275

Abu Zur'a reported: I visited the house of Marwan in the company of Abu Huraira and he found pictures there. whereupon he said: I heard Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: Allaah, the Glorious and Exalted, said: Who is a more wrongdoer than one who tries to create creation like Mine creation. Let him create an atom or a grain of wheat or that of barley. This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Abu Zur'a and he said: Abu Huraira went to the house of Sa'ld or Marwan which they had built in Medina and he (Abu Huraira) saw a painter who had been painting pictures in his house, whereupon he told that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) had said like this, but he made no mention of the words:" Let him create the grain of barley."

No. 5276

Abu Huraira reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: Angels do not enter the house in which there are portrayals or pictures.




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